The Importance of Pacing


A good horror story has well-organized timing and pacing.

Think of writing horror as being a magician. You don’t want to reveal all your tricks at the start of the show and then have the crowd walk out halfway through. You also don’t want the opposite to happen – bore the reader while you delay your climax so that they drop the book before the action starts.

Timing and pacing are different. Pacing involves varying the tempo and setting your reader on a ride much like a roller-coaster, with ups and downs, twists and turns. You can use each little event to create a knock-on effect where the tension multiplies and grows until your reader is sitting on the edge of their seat with anticipation of what’s to come.

You need to start off with simple tricks that grow in complexity until your climax. Think of each scene in your short story or chapter in your novel as a different trick in a magic show which add up to creat the whole performance. Imagine yourself on stage and how the audience responds to your actions. Do you need half-naked girls and giant bursts of flame to make the show look good, or will the audience be amazed by the act without the setup?

Keep impressing the reader with your illusions and sleight of hand. Make each trick more difficult than the next until you reach the show stopping climax. But remember to save one or two tricks for the dénouement. Dont let your story fizzle out after the bang, throw in a twist that will leave your reader questioning what they see around them and sleeping with the light on.

Timing is knowing when to have the boogeyman jump out of the closet. You use pacing to build suspense but having your crazed cannibals eat the brave explorers too soon will negate the tension that you’ve worked so hard building. Spending too much time setting up a scene can leave your readers time to predict what will happen or to lose interest in the scene. Just how long can you have the crazed serial killer stalking the protagonist from room to room in the abandoned hotel before it loses its impact?

The question of timing comes down to skill.  As a writer, you will have to assess how much (or little) you need to set up your scene before the climax. This comes with practice and requires a certain skill – much like a magician who plans her act before the performance. Don’t be afraid to use misdirection and illusions, all great tricks use these, there is no real magic behind it.

So go on, give your work some thought and put on a show that entices, amazes and terrifies your reader!

Stress, sweat and strain: how to heighten tension in your story


We all love a good fast paced, page-turning read, but how does a writer achieve this? There are various methods that an author can use to get their readers’ blood pumping, and while they appear obvious as I list them, they can often be neglected when you’re writing:


(1)    What’s at stake:

What does your character have to lose and how much is it worth to them? Letting your reader know what’s at risk will help them to see how important it is for your character to succeed.  It also adds to your character’s motivation.

Why would a man cross a ragged rope bridge strung between two cliffs with a raging river at the bottom? Is it to save his wife and child, or to collect a treasure chest?

(2)    Increase Pressure:

Does your character have the ability, knowledge and inclination to achieve the goals that you have set for them? Is the woman trying to rescue her kidnapped child a police detective with the resources and training to find her baby or is she a housewife with no experience except what she’s seen on TV?

(3)    Watch the clock:

Do your characters have five hours or five months to solve the problem? Where’s the excitement in having to defuse a bomb when its still got six hours on the clock? Give your protagonist six minutes and the pressures on!

An event that takes place over a long period of time can lose its effect and slow the pacing of your story. The less time you give your character to solve the problem, the more pressure they are under. Think of the Saw movies: would the scenes in which the victims try to escape the traps be as intense if they had no time limit?

(4)    Do your characters want to succeed?

A hero or protagonist who is willing to risk it all for a cause without any concerns or doubts will be a less interesting character than one who has uncertainties and fears about the task at hand. Even when we as people follow our desires, we will always doubts about the outcome.

(5)    Throw rocks:

Create additional obstacles for your character to overcome. Make use of your secondary characters: are they helping or hindering your character and what do they get out of your protagonist’s success or failure?

(6)    Decisions:

Don’t let your character have it easy. Force them to make choices by creating dilemmas that play on the pressure, time limit and conflicts that you have already created. Does the bomb squad choose to defuse the bomb or leave and save their own lives even though others may die? Do the victims in the Saw movies save others to their own detriment or do they save themselves first?

(7)    Roll the Dice:

Adding a wild card that changes the rules of the game helps to increase the tension. This could be a new (or old) character, or an accidental or uncontrollable event. But remember to play fair. Don’t swindle your readers by creating an easy way out for your character’s hazardous situation or a miraculous answer to their dilemma.

By focusing on each of these aspects in your writing, you can increase the tension for both your characters and your readers!